An Overview Of Women’s Rights
Moroccan women have an impressive history of successfully coming together to push for reform, by exercising their individual power to push for more broad-based social change. Women gained the right to vote and run for office in 1963. Morocco ratified the CEDAW in 1993, with reservations on some provisions.
Against this backdrop, the women’s movement in Morocco draws its strength from being political in nature, particularly in pushing for socialist reform. It has a dynamic track record of coalition building that has enabled it to push for making women’s rights a critical agenda of human rights organizations, political parties, development associations and with regional women’s organizations, including with the Maghreb countries of Algeria and Tunisia.
As community members, activists, and leaders, Moroccan women continue to work together in changing and challenging the socio-economic status quo. Find out more about two of the several groups that the GFW team visited, who are steering the Moroccan feminist movement:
Association El Amane pour le Développement de la Femme
Association el Amane pour le Développement de la Femme [The Amane Association for the Development of Woman] was founded in 2002 by a group of young women in Sidi Youssef Ben Ali, a disenfranchised neighborhood in Marrakech. Through a combination of literacy workshops, training, and advocacy, the group enables women to challenge domestic violence, and stereotypical attitudes that limit women's opportunities and patriarchal practises that discriminate against women.
The Association Democratique des Femmes du Maroc (ADFM)
Since its inception in 1985, the Association Democratique des Femmes du Maroc (ADFM), has been one of the most significant actors in building and strengthening the women’s movement in Morocco. It is one of the premier advocacy organizations, using campaigns and coalitions as important strategies to engender change in law and society. Over the years, ADFM has successfully formed dynamic networks of women within civil society and governmental institutions, both regionally and internationally, including the Printemps d’Egalité, ANARUZ, the Collectif 95 Maghreb-Egalité, and most recently the Coalition Egalité sans Reserve.
As of 2002, there were 34 women in the Moroccan legislature. ADFM thus also works to increase women’s inclusion in political processes and in positions of decision-making in the political, economic and social sector – currently targeting a 30 percent quota for women in political parties and the Parliament (at the current level of participation, Moroccan women constitute 10 percent of the Parliament). The group uses advocacy, consciousness raising, direct action, social services, socialization, research, documentation and training, as strategies to achieve these goals.
GFW Fact Sheet on Morocco
As of September 2008, Global Fund has supported 27 groups in the country to the tune of $438, 550.
Cities visited by GFW staff and donors, April 2008:
Association Theatre Aquarium, Rabat
Association Oxygene, Ouarzazat
The Democratic League for the Rights of Women, Ouarzazate
Initiatives pour la Protection des Droits la Femme, Fez
Association Synergie Civique, Rabat
Check out another grantee profile also visited by the GFW-donor team, Theatre Aquarium, a Global Fund grantee, written by our supporter Paola Gianturco on the web site of the International Museum of Women, a partner organization of the Global Fund.
You can also learn more about the Moudawana law.