Sexual and Bodily Rights in Muslim Societies

We just received the first e-Newsletter from The Coalition for Sexual and Bodily Rights in Muslim Societies. The newsletter was prepared by Global Fund grantee, Women for Women's Human Rights - New Ways, based in Istanbul, Turkey.

Formed in 1993, Women for Women's Human Rights is a leader in championing women's human rights in Turkey. The group works with both the grassroots and legislature to reform Turkish penal code to promote gender equality. The group has created an extensive human rights program that provides training for women and girls that includes a series of workshops on legal rights, democracy, violence, economic rights, gender-sensitive parenting, reproductive rights, and sexuality. It has published several books and illustrative pamphlets on reproductive rights and sexuality in Muslim societies that are widely used by other human rights educators.

In November the group worked with Tunisian Association of Democratic Women, also a Global Fund grantee, to organize the first sexual rights conference in Tunisia.

You can read about the conference in The Coalition for Sexual and Bodily Rights in Muslim Societies' first newsletter.

 

AIDS in Kenya

On Friday afternoon, we visited Mathare, one of the largest slums in Nairobi, to meet with the women of Grassroots Women Operating Together in Sisterhood-Kenya. Part of an international movement of grassroots women, GROOTS-Kenya is determined to bring the issues faced by grassroots women to international attention. Just this past summer, GROOTS-Kenya was honored as a finalist for the Red Ribbon Award during the International Conference on AIDS. The award celebrates the most outstanding and least recognized actors in the effort to stop AIDS -- the communities who are finding innovative and effective ways to address HIV/AIDS and secure livelihoods around the world.

We spoke to the dynamic founder and coordinator of GROOTS-Kenya, Esther Mwaura-Muiru, about the group's efforts to ensure that organizations like the World Bank consult with grassroots when women's programs are created to address AIDS in their communities. We accompanied one of the dedicated women, Jane Waithera, trained by GROOTS to be a home healthcare worker, to the home of a woman that she cares for. The home health care workers are on the front lines of caring for women and families with AIDS -- bringing them food, taking care of the children when the parents are ailing, and later after they pass away.

Just 30 years old, Cecilia is infected with AIDS. We hesitantly entered the tiny corrugated tin shack and took hold of her hand to wish her well. Jane sat next to Cecilia on the bed and helped her to sit up a little straighter. I will never forget the tenderness of Jane's hand upon Cecilia's heart. Jane wore a bright yellow t-shirt that read "STOP AIDS - Keep the Promise," and indeed the women of GROOTS are determined to end the scourge of AIDS.

In addition to visiting Cecilia, we went to a small studio where young women were working on knitting machines that they have learned to use. The knitting program was started by GROOTS caregivers who saw that young orphans had no skills with which to earn money and take care of themselves as they grow older. The young girls proudly demonstrated their knitting technique and showed us the sweaters and school uniforms they knit and sell. They are an inspiration.

 

Violence Against Kenyan Women

By Jan Stoner

Today we drove to COVAW, a group we have supported for many years. It was set up in 1995 by a group of women's rights advocates from all over Kenya that determined that violence against women was the largest issue facing the women of Kenya. I expected a group with this type mission would be headquarted in the deep slums, instead we drove to a beautiful neighborhood with a lovely garden and house and gated yard.

Violence against women happens, like in America, to the rich and poor. If you have even a normal imagination you can name all the ways men and husbands physicallly and emotionally abuse their wives, sweethearts and children. It is the same in Kenya. I am choosing to not give the examples of the violence that we were told about. Some of the stories were so horrible that I wondered how these committed determined women can carry on. And the necessity of that lovely space became abundantly clear.

COVAW has not been in the space for long and the group's leaders were afraid the ladies would not be able to find them. Yet the day after they opened they came to work to find a long line of ladies waiting...

Kenya has good laws which prevent men from abusing and stalking women. The problem is getting the laws enforced. In the civil court system a divorce can take no less than two years and commonly takes six years or more. It is a very expensive process and many women give up and just walk away from their property.

Criminal cases have to be followed up on, but too often women refuse to prosecute or change their minds in the midst of the proceedings. The judges and police feel frustrated with the whole situation.They told one story of a man who was seriously threatening his wife. The police arrived in riot gear and surrounded the house but refused to go in. They told COVAW they were afraid to go in and that the COVAW women had to. They did and two hours later got the man to give up to the police. The woman wasn't harmed.  

COVOW organizers have found that the most effective conclusion and best results seem to happen when the women choose the empowerment route and strike out on their own and make  life over for themselves. COVAW offers counseling and group support while they create new lives for themselves. Yet even then men find ways to torment them, trying to get custody of the kids etc.  

COVAW has tried to create regional centers and train volunteers throughout the country. They want to decentralize. Unfortunately this has led to an even greater volume of clients and the need to rescue even more women. They are commited but stretched.

After visiting the facility, our group spoke with COVAW leaders about why there is violence against women? They explained that churches take stands about the constitution and other political issues, but largely stay silent about this issue. Their silence implies that violence against women is not a priority or major issue. Some pastors make the situation worse as they demand women "pray for their husband so that God will change the man." COVAW' has a term for this: "Suffering Saint Syndrome." So often all these years of prayers leads to flowers on a grave.  

Other reasons COVAW gave for violence against women in Kenya: Culture/tradition which promotes wives being inherited and considered property, poverty, ignorance and women's perception of themselves -- they have no sense of worth and of the possibility of anything else. They have a comfort zone and fear leaving it  even when they suffer so much. Also the Asian and Muslim communities are very closed societies and when women from those communities come forward they tell the same horrible stories of abuse, but they never come for more than two sessions. Then COVAW gets a call saying it is being handled inside the community. They fear for the women but are powerless.  

COWAV does so much with only a staff of 11 and volunteers. When you hear their mission and daily agenda they need to be 800 to dent the workload.

Jan Stoner is a donor to the Global Fund and travelled with our delegation to Kenya.

 

It's All About Water

It's all about water. That would seem to be the starting point for the "Water For Life" project of Groups of Women in Water and Agricultural Kochieng in Kisumu, Kenya. Working with small communities and schools, the staff have as their goal empowering rural poor populations through gospel outreach, enabling maximum availability of safe and affordable domestic water, the enhancement of food security, and the creation of change required to enhance women's economic powers.

These friends of the Global Fund were able to visit Odienya Primary school, one of the neediest of the twenty two primary schools served by GWAKO. Elizabeth, the GWAKO health hygiene coordinator, has structured health clubs for the older students in which she teaches the facts of life, AIDS prevention, and everyday hygiene practices. Global Fund grants have helped support a program for teen girls that includes supplying them with free sanitary napkins when they have this period. This is very important because the girls used to use rags and leaves, which contributed to infections. Because they felt unclean, they stayed home from school, and lost ground in their education.

The school has a student body of four hundred, very basic classroom buildings, including  one built from mud and dung over forty years ago, disintegrating daily, and dilapidated human latrines, among the many needs. The water and sanitation needs are especially extreme.

Located only two kilometers from Lake Victoria, Odienya School was built on grounds where the water table is close to the surface. Recently this area has endured heavy rains, creating swamp-like areas within the school grounds and leaving the road close to impassable. Pat, Michal and I, along with Elizabeth from GWAKO, were able to reach the school, thanks to driver Renee's amazing car maneuvering skills. He drove around and through cavernous washed out areas and over three foot high rural "speed bumps" under which water flowed from one side of the road to the other. The van bringing the rest of our group plus a few GWAKO staff members became mired in mud about 1/3 of the way down the access road, though Felix, our photographer and Gideon, project administrator, were able to catch rides on the back of two bicycle taxis passing by. This narrow road was actually a busy thoroughfare for men and women carrying wares --  from baskets of clothes to bags of rice, to and from the market. Two cows passed by tethered to each other, the experienced one backing up the other, guiding it home.

When, at last we reached Odienya, the students poured toward us in droves. Elizabeth told me some of them had never seen a white person before and like children everywhere, they were eager to pose for a camera.

We were shown around the grounds, including an impressive twelve foot high round brick well given by the Kenyan government. Quoting a male teacher, "The government loves our children."  If the government loves the children so, why has nothing been done about the state of the latrines, utterly unhygienic with no place to sit, partially tin roofed, and one even missing a door. We were told by the school chairman that $1100 would provide a new, state-of-the-art double-sided brick latrine. Two of them would be sufficient, they felt, to meet the needs of these students.

While we were seated like royalty at a long narrow table under the eaves of a low-slung school building, we were treated to songs and poems sung and recited by member of the Odienya Health Club. Dressed in colorful uniforms - blue jumpers over pink shirts - they performed with intensity and pride. The poems minced no words.The children performed the poems, using arm motions to dramatize the words:

AIDS, oh AIDS,
You sweep our continent
From east to west
From north to south
AIDS oh AIDS
Do you have no mercy on our health?

And

We all need latrines
To answer the call of nature
To dispense waste
for a clean environment
when inside, the latrine
relaxed like a king
feel free to let go
Always remember
Keep it off the floor
For a clean environment


For the three friends of GFW, privileged to be present, it was the sharing song that truly gifted us. It will be shared with congregations, family and friends. The children performed the sharing song while standing in two lines, one moving clockwise, the other counterclockwise, each child greeting each of the others with a handshake and smile, all the while repeating the refrain.

We are happy to share
Happy to share
One another's burdens
That's why we are here

REFRAIN
You turn around and meet your neighbor
That's why you are here.

The school motto - printed on a sign in Kiswahili, other Kenyan languages and English is,"Education is Light." On one brilliant afternoon on the grounds of Odienya Primary School in an impoverished rural area in the western legion of Kenya, light became grace.

Judy Gordon has been a donor to the Global Fund since 2000 and is travelling with the Global Fund's delegation to Kenya.

 

At the World Social Forum

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Yesterday as part of the Global Fund's delegation in Kenya, I attended a deeply empowering workshop at the World Social Forum on youth, women's rights, and activist democracy. The four hour workshop was led by Salma Maoulidi, Director of the Sahiba Sisters Foundation, a current grantee of the Global Fund.

Over fifty participants gathered to engage in passionate consciousness raising, organizing, and mutual inspiration. Several countries were represented, including Kenya, Tanzania, Burundi, with a few of us from the UK, the US, and Canada. The workshop was in Swahili and translated quietly to those of us who needed English.

Salma is a galvanizing leader--able to get us working in small groups on the immense challenges before us, and later, tremendous in engaging the group in feminist, radically democratic discussion. About half of the participants were youth, with a slight majority of young men. One team modeled for us a presentation duo featuring a young woman and a young man working together as equals.

Salma emphasized the importance of youth leadership since by 2015, more than 60 percent of African people will be below 25 years of age. Some of the issues we grappled with were war and peace, human rights, fundamentalism, lack of tolerance for the views of others, HIV/AIDS, and the need for activist, socially just democratic practice, including in religious organizations. She challenged us:  "Do you have democracy in your home, at your family table?  Democracy must take place at all levels."

The feminist message was expressed in Salma's strong leadership, in the voices of several women who belong to the Sahiba Sisters, in their brochure, which was handed out, and in Salma's closing statement:  "If you disrespect a woman, you disrespect your own being."

Sahiba Sisters' mission is "to enhance the leadership and organizational capacity of Muslim women and youth" and to be sisters seeking a common cause, our development, while remaining true to our spiritual values--Islamic values, grounded in the search for social justice.... [according to] the principle of shura'a (mutual consultation)."

During introductions and discussion, the Global Fund for Women was recognized and thanked for providing funds for this work. In the middle, during a break, we danced!

 
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